Business, Profession and Employment

1)Business: Refers to Purchase, creation and clearance of products and administrations with the target of acquiring benefit.

2)Profession: Includes those exercises which require uncommon learning and aptitudes in the occupation.

3)Employment: Refers to the occupation in which individuals work for other people and receive compensation consequently.

Premise of Destruction BusinessProfessionEmployment
Method of foundationStarts subsequent to finishing some lawful customs if necessary. Participation of an expert body and endorsement of training required. Start in the wake of getting arrangement letter.
Nature of workArrangement of products and administration to people in general. Customized administrations of master nature. Work assigned by the business as indicated by the agreement.
CapabilityNo base capability is vital.Proficient Qualification and preparing required.Capability and preparing as endorsed by the business.
Capital speculationCapital required by its size and limit. The capital required by its size and limit.No capital required.
Reward/ ReturnsBenefitsExpert chargePay or wages
HazardHigh RiskOkayNo Risk
Set of principles No set of principlesExpert set of principlesThe terms and states of administrations agreement are to be permitted.

Classification of Business Activities

Business is divided into TWO parts:-

1)Industry Business:- Deals with creation and administrations. It is ordered into 3 sections

a) Primary Industry: The essential business incorporates those exercises through which the normal assets are utilized to give crude material to other industries. Therefore Primary ventures are of two sorts.

I) Extractive: It alludes to enterprises under which something is extricated out of the earth, water or air. For instance, coal, iron, gas, cultivating, mining, chasing and angling go under this class of industry.

ii) Genetic: Industry alludes to those enterprises under which the type of animals and vegetables are improved and made progressively helpful For instance, poultry ranches, dairy cultivating, fish incubation center, steer reproducing and so on.

b) Secondary Industry: Under this industry new items are fabricated by utilizing the recently delivered things For instance, creating cotton is an essential industry and assembling material out of cotton is an optional industry. Moreover, It is of two sorts.

i) Manufacturing: These industries convert raw materials or semi-finished products to clarify finished products. For example, paper from bamboo, sugar from sugar cane. Likewise, It is divided into four parts.

(A)  Analytic: Different things are manufactured out of one material that is to say an analytic. For example, petrol, diesel, gasoline out of crude oil.

(B) Processing:   Processing Industry Which involves successive stages for manufacturing finished products, For example, sugar and paper industries.

(C)  Synthetic: Many raw materials are mixed to produce more useful products. For example, paints, cosmetics, cement.

(D) Assembling: Assembling Industry Which assembles different component parts to make a new product, for example, car and computer industries.

ii) Construction industries: These industries involve the construction of buildings, for example, dams, bridges, roads, tunnels and canals. Consequently, engineering and architectural skills play an important role in the construction industries. However, these industries are important for infrastructure development.

c) Tertiary or Service Industry: Includes those services which help the business to move smoothly For example transport, bank, Insurance, storage and Advertising.

2) Commerce: Deals with the distribution of goods and services. Moreover, it is classified into 2 parts:

a) Trade: Refers to buying and selling of goods and services likewise with the objective of earning profit. Further, it is classified into two categories:

i) Internal Trade: It takes place within a country. That is to say, internal trade is classified into two categories:

(A) Wholesale Trade: Refers to buying and selling of goods in large quantities. Therefore the wholesalers buy goods in large quantities from the producers and sell them to other dealers. Moreover, he serves as a connecting link between the producer and retailer.

(B) Retail Trade: Refers to buying of goods and services in similarly small quantities & selling them to the ultimate consumers.

b) External Trade: Trade between two or more countries. That is to say, external trade can be classified into three categories:

(A) Import Trade: If goods are purchased from another country, is called import trade.

(B) Export Trade: If goods are sold to the other countries that are to say export trade.

(C) Entrepot: Where goods for export to other countries. For example, Indian firms may import some goods from America and export the service to Nepal.

b) Auxiliaries to Trade: All those activities which help in removing various obstacles. Likewise, it arises in connection with the production and distribution of goods. In conclusion, these activities are given below.

(A) Transportation and Communication: The generation of products happens at one spot to another. Whereas these are requested in various pieces of the nation. In this way, the deterrent of the spot is expel by the vehicle. Alongside vehicle, correspondence is additionally significant assistance. Surely it helps in return of data between makers, shoppers and dealers. In addition, the normal correspondence administrations are postal assistance, phone, fax, web and so on.

(B) Banking and Finance: Business needs funds for instance assets, purchasing raw materials and meeting other expenses. Moreover, it obtained funds that can be necessary from a bank.

(C) Insurance: It provides a cover against the loss of goods, therefore in the process of transit, storage, theft, fire and other natural calamities.

(D) Warehousing: There is generally a time lag between the production and consumption of goods. This problem-solves when storing the goods in warehouses from the time of production until the time when demanded by customers.

(E)Advertising: Advertising brings goods and services is certainly to the knowledge of prospective buyers. Therefore advertising that the customers come to know about the new products and their utility.

Also, Read- What is Nature and Purpose of Business?

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